# Introduction

In second grade, students get more comfortable with their schooling routine as they have at least two years under their belt. Students become more confident and independent by second grade. As we move forward, the difficulty increases a little bit more.

**Math:**

In math, the students will continue to explore the logic and connection between numbers. They will start doing this in a systematic way and will start getting familiar with handling three- and four-digit numbers.

- Add two- and three-digit numbers.
- Subtract two- and three-digit numbers.
- Know the order of addition and subtraction operations.
- Know the addition and subtraction, fact families.
- Start learning multiplication and division, fact families.
- Recognize patterns.
- Round whole numbers to the nearest 10.
- Know place value to the thousands.
- Understand money including coins and bills, counting, adding, and subtracting money.
- Tell time to the nearest five minutes.
- Recognize two-dimensional geometric figures.
- Solve word problems.
- Learn about even and odd numbers.
- Use tally marks to count by five.
- Read and make graphs.
- Write numbers in word form.

**Writing:**

By the first-grade kids mastered the ability to write a comprehensible sentence to convey meaning. They will start using more punctuation marks and get grammatically more attentive. they will know more about different types of writing and use a more extensive vocabulary of verbs and learn how to use adjectives to bring depth to pieces of writing.

second grader should be able to:

- Write in complete sentences with appropriate punctuation.
- Use capital letters correctly.
- Use and understand contractions.
- Write stories with a beginning, middle and end.
- Be able to do basic research from a non-fiction book.
- Understand and use first-person and third-person point of view.
- Edit his or her own writing for spelling and punctuation.

**Reading:**

This is the year kids are challenged to become more fluent readers. They are expected to go beyond using decoding skills to figure out unfamiliar words and use context clues instead.

Retelling stories, summarizing what they read and activating logic and imagination by predicting what will happen next in the story will be huge part in this year’s reading expectations. Kids are expected to;

- Retell what happened in a story including main ideas, details about characters, setting, and events.
- Make connections to their own background knowledge.
- Read and comprehend main ideas.
- Read silently.
- Author’s purpose and craft.
- Comprehension skills.
- Development of phonological awareness.

**Science**

The Science curriculum depends on your school district. Most often, second-grade scientists will be required to make predictions, find patterns in nature and learn about the Earth and its natural resources.