### Language Art:

The specific expectations for fifth graders in language arts will depend on the specific curriculum being used in a particular school or district. However, there are certain general skills and knowledge that most fifth graders in Texas are expected to have in language arts. These may include:

**Reading**: Fifth graders should be able to read and understand a variety of texts, including fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. They should be able to determine the main idea of a text and identify supporting details. They should also be able to use context clues to understand unfamiliar words and phrases.**Writing**: Fifth graders should be able to write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs. They should be able to use proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation in their writing. They should also be able to write for different purposes, such as to inform, persuade, or narrate.**Speaking and listening**: Fifth graders should be able to speak clearly and listen attentively to others. They should be able to participate in class discussions and give oral presentations. They should also be able to follow verbal instructions and ask appropriate questions.**Vocabulary**: Fifth graders should have a growing vocabulary and be able to use it accurately in their writing and speaking. They should be able to use context clues to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words and should be familiar with common prefixes, suffixes, and roots that can help them understand the meanings of new words.**Grammar and mechanics**: Fifth graders should be familiar with the rules of English grammar and mechanics, including proper noun-verb agreement, subject-verb agreement, and the use of verb tenses. They should also be able to use appropriate punctuation, such as periods, question marks, and exclamation points.**Literature**: Fifth graders should be able to read and understand a variety of literature, including fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. They should be able to identify and analyze the elements of literature, such as character, plot, setting, and theme. They should also be able to make connections between literature and their own experiences or the world around them.

### Math:

Fifth graders should have a strong foundation in mathematics and be able to perform a variety of mathematical operations and procedures accurately and efficiently. Some specific skills and knowledge that fifth graders may be expected to have in math include:

**Place value and decimals**: Fifth graders should be able to read and write decimals and understand place value up to the hundred thousandths place. They should also be able to compare and round decimals to a given place value.**Fractions**: Fifth graders should be able to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and mixed numbers. They should also be able to convert between fractions and decimals and understand equivalent fractions.**Multiplication and division**: Fifth graders should be proficient in multiplication and division and be able to solve multi-digit problems using the standard algorithm. They should also be able to find the least common multiple and greatest common factor of two or more numbers.**Measurement**: Fifth graders should be able to measure length, weight, capacity, and temperature using appropriate units and tools. They should also be able to convert between different units of measure and understand basic geometry, including lines, angles, and basic two-dimensional shapes.**Data analysis and probability**: Fifth graders should be able to collect, organize, and analyze data using tables, graphs, and simple statistics. They should also be able to understand and calculate basic probabilities.**Problem-solving**: Fifth graders should be able to solve multi-step problems that involve a variety of mathematical operations and concepts. They should be able to use logical reasoning and critical thinking skills to determine the best solution to a problem