What should the fifth grader know by the end of the year, is a crucial question because this is the last year in elementary school and kids will start next year in middle school. Let’s take a look at what this year expects from our kids;

### Language Art:

Fifth graders should be able to read and understand a variety of texts, including fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. They should be able to determine the main idea of a text and identify supporting details. They should also be able to use context clues to understand unfamiliar words and phrases.

In writing, fifth graders should be able to write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs. They should be able to use proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation in their writing. They should also be able to write for different purposes, such as to inform, persuade, or narrate.

Fifth graders should be able to speak clearly and listen attentively to others. They should be able to participate in class discussions and give oral presentations. They should also be able to follow verbal instructions and ask appropriate questions.

Fifth graders should have a growing vocabulary and be able to use it accurately in their writing and speaking. They should be able to use context clues to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words and should be familiar with common prefixes, suffixes, and roots that can help them understand the meanings of new words.

They should also be familiar with the rules of English grammar and mechanics, including proper noun-verb agreement, subject-verb agreement, and the use of verb tenses. They should also be able to use appropriate punctuation, such as periods, question marks, and exclamation points.

In literature, fifth graders should be able to read and understand a variety of literature, including fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. They should be able to identify and analyze the elements of literature, such as character, plot, setting, and theme. They should also be able to make connections between literature and their own experiences or the world around them.

### Math

By the time a student reaches fifth grade, they should have a strong foundation in basic math concepts such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. In addition to these basic operations, fifth graders should also be familiar with the following math concepts:

**Fractions**: Fifth graders should be able to understand and work with fractions, including adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing fractions.**Decimals**: Fifth graders should be able to understand and work with decimals, including converting between fractions and decimals and performing basic operations with decimals.**Measurement**: Fifth graders should be able to understand and use various units of measurement, including inches, feet, yards, and meters, as well as understand concepts such as perimeter, area, and volume.**Geometry**: Fifth graders should be able to understand and work with basic geometric shapes, including circles, triangles, squares, and rectangles. They should also be able to understand and use basic geometric concepts such as symmetry and angle measures.**Data analysis and probability**: Fifth graders should be able to understand and use basic concepts of data analysis and probability, including understanding and creating graphs, interpreting data, and calculating probabilities.

Overall, fifth graders should be developing their problem-solving skills and becoming more confident and independent in their math abilities.